What Will Happen IF A Solar Flare Actually Hits Earth?

What Will Happen IF A Solar Flare Actually Hits Earth?

It seems like there's a major solar flare somewhere in the sky every single day, especially if you live in the Northern Hemisphere. There are many different versions of what will happen if a solar flare actually makes it to Earth. Learning about these scenarios can be very confusing for people who worry about extraterrestrial life, as well as for anyone looking for easy information on how things might play out.

Earth has been hit by a solar storm many times in history. Past solar storms have caused severe damage to satellites, electric grids and power stations – including one in 1989 which cost up to $2 billion. How much would it affect our everyday lives if a major solar storm were to strike Earth?

1. GPS and other communications systems will shut down

If a solar flare hits Earth, GPS and other communications systems will go down.

The sun is our closest star, and it constantly emits radiation—including ultraviolet (UV) rays and X-rays. This radiation can cause damage to satellites and spacecraft. A powerful solar flare can cause irreparable damage to GPS systems, which are used for navigation and communication.

If an intense solar flare hits Earth, it could cause widespread problems with GPS signal reception. This would be especially problematic for autonomous vehicles that rely on GPS signals to navigate safely around the world.

It's possible that a strong solar storm could knock out power systems throughout the world. In addition to GPS receivers being rendered useless by the electromagnetic pulse (EMP), power grids may experience blackouts as well.

2. Power grids would be fried by the EMP

If a solar flare hits Earth, it could fry our power grids. The most likely target would be the eastern seaboard of the United States, which is home to a large proportion of our solar panels and other electrical infrastructure.

The intense magnetic field produced by the flare would cause a massive surge in current that could potentially destroy transformers, power lines and rail tracks. If this happens, it will take weeks or months for electricity supplies to be restored.

The best way to protect against an EMP attack is to build your own backup generator system and keep it well maintained.

3. Your cell phone might get fried, too

If a solar flare hits Earth, it may cause an intense geomagnetic storm that could affect the electrical grid and even the power grid in your area. This can cause problems for your cell phone, which relies on the power grid for its signals and data. In fact, if you have a smartphone with a built-in radio transmitter, you could lose reception as well as power to your device if solar flares hit Earth hard enough.

4. Aircraft might get knocked out of the sky

The Sun is a huge ball of plasma, and it's not just the Sun that can affect our planet — it's also charged particles from the Sun. These charged particles can travel at speeds up to 1,500 miles per second (2,414 kilometers per second) and impact Earth if they come in contact with our atmosphere.

If a solar flare hits Earth at just the right angle, it could bring down aircraft. The Earth's magnetic field isn't strong enough to protect it from flares with speeds greater than 500 miles per second (805 kilometers per second). This means any plane flying through such an event would be at risk of losing power as they fly through it.

5. Satellites will also be in trouble

5. Satellites will also be in trouble

A solar flare can cause satellites to crash into each other and even fry your internet connection.

The last time a solar flare hit Earth, the satellite communications industry was in shambles. The so-called "Carrington Event" of 1859-60 was the last time a coronal mass ejection (CME) struck Earth's magnetosphere and sent shockwaves through the solar system. The CME hit Earth on September 22, 1859, causing auroras as far south as Cuba and north to Quebec.

The event was so powerful that telegraph operators all over North America reported receiving messages from Europe at the same time — though they received them on different frequencies due to their different locations on the planet.

6. Some animals might escape while they can

6. Some animals might escape while they can.

If a solar flare hits Earth, some animals may be able to escape to higher ground or underground. But if the event is intense enough, there could be no escape for them at all. In this case, many species would be wiped out by the extreme weather conditions that follow the flare.

This includes birds and other small animals who live in the open or in areas where there are few trees. They would have little chance to survive because their bodies are not designed for such long durations of exposure to heat and light without shelter.

In contrast, large animals like elephants, rhinos and giraffes can move around more easily than smaller creatures because of their large size and thick skin. These animals are also more resistant to extreme temperatures than smaller creatures so they can withstand an event like this better than others might do.

7. The Northern Lights could be illuminated even more brightly than normal

There are several theories about how a solar flare might affect the Northern Lights — some say that the magnetic field around our planet would be distorted and cause more geomagnetic storms, while others say that radiation from the flare would create more aurora borealis in areas where there are no clouds (which is rare). Either way, if you're looking for a night out under the stars with friends or family this winter season, keep your eyes peeled for any unusual northern lights activity in your area.


More observatories should be built to study solar flares. These solar storms are more common than most people realize, and they can have a disastrous effect on our way of life. While it isn't likely that Planet Earth will be decimated by a powerful solar flare in the near future, it's critical that humanity starts preparing for this threat. The warning signs are already there—it's only a matter of time before another X-class flare hits us right in the face.


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